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[48] But it is for heiresses, and orphans, and parents that the Archon is appointed to care. Then before the King-archon1? But we are not gymnesiarchs, nor are we indicting anyone for impiety. Or will the Polemarch2 bring us into court? Yes, for disregard of a patron, or for having no patron.3 Well then, the Generals4 are left. But they appoint the trierarchs; they bring no mercantile suits into court.

1 The functions of the King-archon were largely religious, and the gymnesiarchs, or superintendents of the festal games, were under his control. See Aristot. Ath. Pol. 57.

2 The third archon, originally minister of war, presided over the court in which cases regarding the rights of aliens were settled. See Aristot. Ath. Pol. 58.

3 A resident alien was required to be enrolled under some citizen as patron.

4 Ten Generals were appointed annually, one of whom had judicial functions connected with the appointment of trierarchs. See Aristot. Ath. Pol. 61.1.

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  • Commentary references to this page (1):
    • J. E. Sandys, Select Private Orations of Demosthenes, 22
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (3):
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 57
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 58
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 61.1
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (3):
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