He decked her with her
royal jewelry and restored her to her previous dignity, with its proper honours. He made over
to her all the former retinue of servants which she had been given by Dareius and added more in
addition not less in number than the preceding. He promised to provide for the marriage of the
daughters even more generously than Dareius had promised and to bring up the boy as his own son
and to show him royal honour.
He called the boy to him and
kissed him, and as he saw him fearless in countenance and not frightened at all, he remarked to
Hephaestion that at the age of six years the boy showed a courage beyond his years and was much
braver than his father.1
As to the wife of Dareius, he said that he would see that her dignity
should be so maintained that she would experience nothing inconsistent with her former
He added many other
assurances of consideration and generosity, so that the women broke out into uncontrolled
weeping, so great was their unexpected joy. He gave them his hand as pledge of all this and was
not only showered with praises by those who had been helped, but won universal recognition
through out his own army for his exceeding propriety of conduct.
In general I would say that of many good deeds done by Alexander there is none that is
greater or more worthy of record and mention in history than this.
Sieges and battles and the other victories scored in war are due for the most part
either to Fortune or valour, but when one in a position of power shows pity for those who have
been overthrown, this is an action due only to wisdom.2
Most people are made proud by their successes because of their
becoming arrogant in their success, are forgetful of the common weakness of mankind. You can
see how very many are unable to bear success, just as if it were a heavy burden.
Although Alexander lived many generations before our time, let him
continue to receive in future ages also the just and proper praise for his good qualities.4