The next year Chares was archon in Athens
, and in Rome
the consuls elected were Titus Menenius and Gaius Horatius Pulvillus, and the Eleians
celebrated the Seventy-seventh Olympiad, that in which Dandes of Argos
won the "stadion." In this year in Sicily Theron, the despot of Acragas
, died after a reign of sixteen years, and his son
Thrasydaeus succeeded to the throne.
Now Theron, since he had
administered his office equitably, not only enjoyed great favour among his countrymen during
his life-time, but also upon his death he was accorded the honours which are paid to heroes;
but his son, even while his father was still living, was violent and murderous, and after his
father's death ruled over his native city without respect for the laws and like a tyrant.
Consequently he quickly lost the confidence of his subjects
and was the constant object of plots, living a life of execration; and so he soon came to an
end befitting his own lawlessness. For Thrasydaeus after the death of his father Theron
gathered many mercenary soldiers and enrolled also citizens of Acragas
and Himera, and thus got together in all more than twenty thousand
cavalry and infantry.
And since he was preparing to make war
with these troops upon the Syracusans, Hieron the king made ready a formidable army and marched
. A fierce battle took place, and a very
large number fell, since Greeks were marshalled against Greeks.
Now the fight was won by the Syracusans, who lost some two thousand men against more than
four thousand for their opponents. Thereupon Thrasydaeus, having been humbled, was expelled
from his position, and fleeing to Nisaean Megara
as it is called, he was there condemned to death
and met his end; and the Acragantini, having now recovered their democratic form of government,
sent ambassadors to Hieron and secured peace.
war broke out between
the Romans and the Veiians and a great battle was fought at the site called Cremera.3
The Romans were defeated and many of them perished, among their number, according
to some historians, being the three hundred Fabii, who were of the same gens and hence were
included under the single name.4
These, then, were the events of this year.