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When Archedemides was archon in Athens, the Romans elected as consuls Aulus Verginius and Titus Minucius,2 and the Seventy-ninth Olympiad was celebrated, that in which Xenophon of Corinth3 won the "stadion." In this year the Thasians revolted from the Athenians because of a quarrel over mines4; but they were forced to capitulate by the Athenians and compelled to subject themselves again to their rule. [2] Similarly also, when the Aeginetans revolted, the Athenians, intending to reduce them to subjection, undertook the siege of Aegina; for this state, being often successful in its engagements at sea, was puffed up with pride and was also well provided with both money and triremes, and, in a word, was constantly at odds with the Athenians. [3] Consequently they sent an army against it and laid waste its territory, and then, laying siege to Aegina, they bent every effort on taking it by storm. For, speaking generally, the Athenians, now that they were making great advances in power, no longer treated their allies fairly, as they had formerly done, but were ruling them harshly and arrogantly. [4] Consequently most of the allies, unable longer to endure their severity, were discussing rebellion with each other, and some of them, scorning the authority of the General Congress,5 were acting as independent states. [5]

While these events were taking place, the Athenians, who were now masters of the sea, dispatched ten thousand colonists to Amphipolis, recruiting a part of them from their own citizens and a part from the allies. They portioned out the territory in allotments, and for a time held the upper hand over the Thracians, but at a later time, as a result of their further advance into Thrace, all who entered the country of the Thracians were slain6 by a people known as the Edones.

1 464 B.C.

2 Titus Numicius Priscus, according to Livy 2.63.

3 A victory celebrated by Pind. O. 13.

4 Those of Mt. Pangaeus (now Pirnari) on the mainland, which yielded both gold and silver. The seizure of these mines by Philip of Macedon in 357 B.C., from which he derived in time an income of 1000 talents a year, laid the financial basis for the rise of Macedonia to supreme power in Greece.

5 Of the Delian League; cp. chap. 47.

6 In the battle of Drabescus; cp. Book 12.68.2, Thuc. 1.100.

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    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 2, 63
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