was archon in Athens
, in Rome
consulship was held by Quintus Fabius Vibulanus and Tiberius Aemilius Mamercus. This year
Artaxerxes, the king of the Persians, appointed Achaemenes, who was a son of Darius and his own
uncle, to be commander in the war against the Egyptians; and turning over to him more than
three hundred thousand soldiers, counting both cavalry and infantry, he commanded him to subdue
Now Achaemenes, when he had entered Egypt
, pitched his camp near the Nile
, and when he had rested his army after the march, he made ready for battle;
but the Egyptians, having gathered their army from Libya
, were awaiting the
auxiliary force of the Athenians.
After the Athenians had
arrived in Egypt
with two hundred ships and had been
drawn up with the Egyptians in battle order against the Persians, a mighty struggle took place.
And for a time the Persians with their superior numbers maintained the advantage, but later,
when the Athenians seized the offensive, put to flight the forces opposing them, and slew many
of them, the remainder of the barbarians turned to flight en masse.
There was much slaughter in the course of the flight, and
finally the Persians, after losing the larger part of their army, found refuge in the White
as it is called, while the Athenians, who had won the victory by
their own deeds of valour, pursued the barbarians as far as the aforesaid stronghold and did
not hesitate to besiege it.
Artaxerxes, on learning of the defeat of his troops, at first sent some of his friends with a
large sum of money to Lacedaemon
and asked the
Lacedaemonians to make war upon the Athenians, thinking that if they complied the Athenian
troops who had won the victory in Egypt
back to Athens
in order to defend their native
When the Lacedaemonians, however, neither accepted money
nor paid any attention whatever to the requests of the Persians, Artaxerxes despaired of
getting any aid from the Lacedaemonians and set about preparing other armaments. In command of
them he placed Artabazus and Megabyzus, men of outstanding merit, and dispatched them to make
war upon the Egyptians.