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At the conclusion of this year Philocles was archon in Athens, and in Rome Aulus Postumius Regulus and Spurius Furius Mediolanus succeeded to the consulship. During this year a war arose between the Corinthians and Epidaurians on the one hand and the Athenians on the other, and the Athenians took the field against them and after a sharp battle were victorious. [2] With a large fleet they put in at a place called Halieis, landed on the Peloponnesus, and slew not a few of the enemy.2 But the Peloponnesians rallied and gathered a strong force, and it came to a battle with the Athenians near the place called Cecryphaleia3 in which the Athenians were again victorious. [3] After such successes the Athenians, seeing that the Aeginetans were not only puffed up over their former achievements but also hostile to Athens, decided to reduce them by war. [4] Therefore the Athenians dispatched a strong fleet against them. The inhabitants of Aegina, however, who had great experience in fighting at sea and enjoyed a great reputation therefor, were not dismayed at the superiority of the Athenians, but since they had a considerable number of triremes and had built some new ones, they engaged the Athenians in battle, but were defeated with the loss of seventy ships; and, their spirits crushed by so great a disaster, they were forced to join the league which paid tribute to Athens. This was accomplished for the Athenians by their general Leocrates, who was engaged in the war with the Aeginetans nine months in all. [5]

While these events were taking place, in Sicily the king of the Siceli, Ducetius, a man of famous family and influential at this time, founded the city of Menaenum and distributed the neighbouring territory among the settlers, and making a campaign against the strong city of Morgantina and reducing it, he won fame among his own people.

1 459 B.C.

2 Halieis is on the Argolic Gulf, near Hermione. Thucydides (Thuc. 1.105) says that the Athenians were defeated.

3 An island off Epidaurus.

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  • Cross-references to this page (5):
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), CECRYPHALEIA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), HALIEIS
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), MENAENUM
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), MORGA┬┤NTIA
    • Smith's Bio, Duce'tius
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