At the close of the year Bion was archon
, and in Rome Publius Servilius Structus
and Lucius Aebutius Albas succeeded to the consulship. During this year a quarrel arose between
the Corinthians and Megarians over land on their borders and the cities went to war.
At first they kept making raids on each other's territory and engaging
in clashes of small parties; but as the quarrel increased, the Megarians, who were increasingly
getting the worse of it and stood in fear of the Corinthians, made allies of the Athenians.
As a result the cities were again equal in military strength,
and when the Corinthians together with Peloponnesians advanced into Megaris
with a strong army, the Athenians sent troops to the aid
of the Megarians under the command of Myronides, a man who was admired for his valour. A fierce
engagement took place which lasted a long time and each side matched the other in deeds of
courage, but at last victory lay with the Athenians, who slew many of the enemy.
And after a few days there was another fierce battle at Cimolia, as it
is called, and again the Athenians were victorious and slew many of the enemy.
The Phocians went to war with the Dorians, who are the original stock of
the Lacedaemonians and dwell in the three cities, Cytinium, Boeum and Erineus, which lie at the
base of Mt. Parnassus.
Now at first they subdued the Dorians
by force of arms and occupied their cities; but after this the Lacedaemonians, because of their
kinship, dispatched Nicomedes, the son of Cleomenes, to the aid of the Dorians. He had fifteen
hundred Lacedaemonians and ten thousand men from the rest of the Peloponnesians.
So Nicomedes, who was the guardian of Pleistonax the king, who was still
a child, came to the aid of the Dorians with this large army, and after inflicting a defeat
upon the Phocians and recovering the cities they had seized, he made peace between the Phocians
and the Dorians.