The Plataeans dispatched ambassadors to the Thebans demanding that they
leave Plataean territory and receive their own captives back. And so, when this had been agreed
upon, the Thebans received their captives back,1
booty they had taken, and returned to Thebes
Plataeans dispatched ambassadors to the Athenians asking for aid, while they themselves
gathered the larger part of their possessions into the city.
The Athenians, when they learned of what had taken place in Plataea
, at once sent a considerable body of soldiers; these arrived in haste,
although not before the Thebans, and gathered the rest of the property from the countryside
into the city, and then, collecting both the children and women and the rabble,2
sent them off to Athens
The Lacedaemonians, deciding that the Athenians had broken the truce,3
mustered a strong army from both Lacedaemon
and the rest of the Peloponnesians.
The allies of the Lacedaemonians at this time were all the inhabitants
of the Peloponnesus
with the exception of the Argives,
who remained neutral; and of the peoples outside of the Peloponnesus
the Megarians, Ambraciotes, Leucadians, Phocians, Boeotians, and of
the majority of those facing Euboea
and the Amphissians of the rest.
The Athenians had as allies
the peoples of the coast of Asia
, namely, the Carians,
Dorians, Ionians, and Hellespontines, also all the islanders except the inhabitants of
, likewise the dwellers in Thrace
except the Chalcidians and Potidaeans, furthermore the Messenians who dwelt in Naupactus
and the Cercyraeans. Of these, the Chians, Lesbians,
and Cercyraeans furnished ships,5
and all the rest supplied infantry. The allies, then, on both sides were
as we have listed them.
the Lacedaemonians had prepared for service a strong army, they placed the command in the hands
of Archidamus their king. He invaded Attica
army, made repeated assaults upon its fortified places, and ravaged a large part of the
countryside. And when the Athenians, being incensed because of the raiding of their
countryside, wished to offer battle to the enemy, Pericles, who was a general6
and held in his hands the entire leadership of the state, urged the young men
to make no move, promising that he would expel the Lacedaemonians from Attica
without the peril of battle.
Whereupon, fitting out one hundred triremes and putting on them a strong force of men,
he appointed Carcinus general over them together with certain others and sent them against the
. This force, by ravaging a large extent
of the Peloponnesian territory along the sea and capturing some fortresses, struck terror into
the Lacedaemonians; consequently they speedily recalled their army from Attica
and thus provided a large measure of safety to the
In this manner Athens
was delivered from the enemy, and Pericles received approbation among his
fellow citizens as having the ability to perform the duties of a general and to fight it out
with the Lacedaemonians.