When Epameinon was archon in Athens
, the Romans elected as consuls Lucius Papirius and Aulus Cornelius
Macerinus. This year in Athens
Pericles the general
died, a man who not only in birth and wealth, but also in eloquence and skill as a general, far
surpassed his fellow citizens.
Since the people of Athens desired for the glory of it to take Potidaea
they sent Hagnon there as general with
the army which Pericles had formerly commanded. He put in at Potidaea
with the whole expedition and made all his preparations for the siege;
for he had made ready every kind of engine used in sieges, a multitude of arms and missiles,
and an abundance of grain, sufficient for the entire army. Hagnon spent much time making
continuous assaults every day, but without the power to take the city.
For on the one side the besieged, spurred on by their fear of capture,
were putting up a sturdy resistance and, confiding in the superior height of the walls, held
the advantage over the Athenians attacking from the harbour, whereas the besiegers were dying
in large numbers from the plague and despondency prevailed throughout the army.
Hagnon, knowing that the Athenians had spent more than a thousand
talents on the siege and were angry with the Potidaeans because they were the first to go over
to the Lacedaemonians, was afraid to raise the siege; consequently he felt compelled to
continue it and to compel the soldiers, beyond their strength, to force the issue against the
But since many Athenian citizens were being slain in the
assaults and by the ravages of the plague, he left a part of his army to maintain the siege and
sailed back to Athens
, having lost more than a
thousand of his soldiers.
After Hagnon had withdrawn, the
Potidaeans, since their grain supply was entirely exhausted and the people in the city were
disheartened, sent heralds to the besiegers to discuss terms of capitulation. These were
received eagerly and an agreement to cessation of hostilities was reached on the following
terms: All the Potidaeans should depart from the city, taking nothing with them, with the
exception that men could have one garment and women two.
this truce had been agreed upon, all the Potidaeans together with their wives and children left
their native land in accordance with the terms of the compact and went to the Chalcidians in
among whom they made their home; and the
Athenians sent out as many as a thousand of their citizens to Potidaea
as colonists and portioned out to them in allotments both the city and