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While these events were taking place the Megarians were finding themselves in distress because of their war with the Athenians on the one hand and with their exiles on the other hand. And while representatives1 were exchanging opinions regarding the exiles, certain citizens2 who were hostile to the exiles approached the Athenian generals with the offer to deliver the city to them. [2] The generals, Hippocrates and Demosthenes, agreeing to this betrayal, sent by night six hundred soldiers to the city, and the conspirators admitted the Athenians within the walls. When the betrayal became known throughout the city and while the multitude were divided according to party, some being in favour of fighting on the side of the Athenians and others of aiding the Lacedaemonians, a certain man,3 acting on his own initiative, made the proclamation that any who so wished could take up arms on the side of the Athenians and Megarians. [3] Consequently, when the Lacedaemonians were on the point of being left in the lurch by the Megarians, it so happened that the Lacedaemonian garrison of the long walls4 abandoned them and sought safety in Nisaea, as it is called, which is the sea-port of the Megarians. [4] The Athenians thereupon dug a ditch about Nisaea and put it under siege, and then, bringing skilled workmen from Athens, they threw a wall about it. And the Peloponnesians, fearing lest they should be taken by storm and put to death, surrendered Nisaea to the Athenians.

Such, then, were the affairs of the Megarians at this time.

1 From the different parties in the city.

2 These represented the party of the masses; cp. Thuc. 4.66.

3 Thuc. 4.68.3 says he was the Athenian herald.

4 These connected Megara with its harbour.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.68.3
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.66
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