Brasidas, confiding in the multitude of his soldiers,
now advanced with his army against the city known as Amphipolis
. This city Aristagoras of Miletus
at an earlier time had undertaken to found as a colony,1
when he was fleeing from Darius, the king of the
after his death the colonists were driven out by the
Thracians who are called Edones, and thirty-two years after this event the Athenians dispatched
ten thousand colonists to the place. In like manner these colonists also were utterly destroyed
by Thracians at Drabescus
and two years later3
the Athenians again recovered the city, under the leadership of Hagnon.
Since the city had been the object of many a battle, Brasidas
was eager to master it. Consequently he set out against it with a strong force, and pitching
his camp near the bridge,4
he first of all seized the suburb of the city and then on the next
day, having struck terror into the Amphipolitans, he received the formal surrender of the city
on the condition that anyone who so wished could take his property and leave the city.
Immediately after this
Brasidas brought over to his side a number of the neighbouring cities, the most important of
which were Oesyme and Galepsus, both colonies of the Thasians, and also Myrcinus, a small
Edonian city. He also set about building a number of triremes on the Strymon River and summoned
soldiers from both Lacedaemon
and the rest of the
Also he had many complete suits of armour made, which
he distributed among the young men who possessed no arms, and he gathered supplies of missiles
and grain and everything else. And when all his preparations had been made, he set out from
with his army and came to
as it is called,
where he pitched his camp. In this area there were five cities, of which some were Greek, being
colonies from Andros
, and the others had a populace of
barbarians of Bisaltic6
which were bilingual.
After mastering these cities Brasidas
led his army against the city of Torone
, which was
a colony of the Chalcidians but was held by Athenians. Since certain men were ready to betray
the city, Brasidas was by night admitted by them and got Torone
in his power without a fight.
To such a
height did the fortunes of Brasidas attain in the course of this year.