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When Astyphilus was archon in Athens, the Romans elected as consuls Lucius Quinctius and Aulus Sempronius, and the Eleians celebrated the Ninetieth Olympiad, that in which Hyperbius of Syracuse won the "stadion." This year the Athenians, in obedience to a certain oracle, returned their island to the Delians, and the Delians who were dwelling in Adramytium2 returned to their native land. [2] And since the Athenians had not returned the city of Pylos to the Lacedaemonians, these cities were again at odds with each other and hostile. When this was known to the Assembly of the Argives, that body persuaded the Athenians to close a treaty of friendship with the Argives. [3] And since the quarrel kept growing, the Lacedaemonians persuaded the Corinthians to desert the league of states3 and ally themselves with the Lacedaemonians. Such being the confusion that had arisen together with a lack of leadership, the situation throughout the Peloponnesus was as has been described. [4]

In the regions outside,4 the Aenianians, Dolopians, and Melians, having come to an understanding, advanced with strong armaments against Heracleia in Trachis. The Heracleians drew up to oppose them and a great battle took place, in which the people of Heracleia were defeated. Since they had lost many soldiers and had sought refuge within their walls, they sent for aid from the Boeotians. The Thebans dispatched to their help a thousand picked hoplites, with whose aid they held off their adversaries. [5]

While these events were taking place, the Olynthians dispatched an army against the city of Mecyberna5 which had an Athenian garrison, drove out the garrison, and themselves took possession of the city.

1 420 B.C.

2 Cp. chap. 73.1.

3 See chap. 75 at end.

4 Since the following three tribes are of southern Thessaly, apparently Diodorus does not consider that area to be a part of Greece proper.

5 Situated a short distance east of Olynthus.

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    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), TRACHIS
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