When Archias was
archon in Athens
, the Romans elected as consuls
Lucius Papirius Mugilanus and Gaius Servilius Structus. In this year the Argives, charging the
with not paying the sacrifices to Apollo Pythaeus,3
declared war on them; and it was at this very time that Alcibiades, the
Athenian general, entered Argolis
with an army.
Adding these troops to their forces, the Argives advanced
, a city which was an ally of the
Lacedaemonians, and after plundering its territory and burning its farm-buildings they returned
home. The Lacedaemonians, being incensed at the lawless acts committed against the Troezenians,
resolved to go to war against the Argives; consequently they mustered an army and put their
king Agis in command.
With this force Agis advanced against
the Argives and ravaged their territory, and leading his army to the vicinity of the city he
challenged the enemy to battle.
The Argives, adding to their
army three thousand soldiers from the Eleians and almost as many from the Mantineians, led out
their forces from the city. When a pitched battle was imminent, the generals conducted
negotiations with each other and agreed upon a cessation of hostilities for four months.
But when the armies returned to their homes without
accomplishing anything, both cities were angry with the generals who had agreed upon the truce.
Consequently the Argives hurled stones at their commanders and began to menace them with death;
only reluctantly and after much supplication their lives were spared, but their property was
confiscated and their homes razed to the ground.
Lacedaemonians took steps to punish Agis, but when he promised to atone for his error by worthy
deeds, they reluctantly let him off, and for the future they chose ten of their wisest men,
whom they appointed his advisers, and they ordered him to do nothing without learning their