Since the enemy refused to accept battle at sea and famine gripped the army,
Philocles, who held the command on that day, ordered the other captains to man their triremes
and follow him, while he with thirty triremes which were ready set out in advance.
Lysander, who had learned of this from some deserters, set out to sea
with all his ships, and putting Philocles to flight, pursued him toward the other ships.1
The triremes of the Athenians had not yet been manned and
confusion pervaded them all because of the unexpected appearance of the enemy.
And when Lysander perceived the tumult among the enemy, he speedily put
ashore Eteonicus and the troops who were practised in fighting on land. Eteonicus, quickly
turning to his account the opportunity of the moment, seized a part of the camp, while Lysander
himself, sailing up with all his triremes in trim for battle, after throwing iron hands on the
ships which were moored along the shore began dragging them off.
The Athenians, panic-stricken at the unexpected move, since they neither had respite
for putting out to sea with their ships nor were able to fight it out by land, held out for a
short while and then gave way, and at once, some deserting the ships, others the camp, they
took to flight in whatever direction each man hoped to find safety.
Of the triremes only ten escaped. Conon the general, who had one of them, gave up any
thought of returning to Athens, fearing the wrath of the people, but sought safety with
Evagoras, who was in control of Cyprus and with whom he had relations of friendship; and of the
soldiers the majority fled by land to Sestus2
and found safety there.
The rest of the ships Lysander captured, and taking prisoner Philocles
the general, he took him to Lampsacus and had him executed.
this Lysander dispatched messengers by the swiftest tireme to Lacedaemon to carry news of the
victory, first decking the vessel out with the most costly arms and booty.
After this, advancing against the Athenians who had found refuge in
Sestus, he took the city but let the Athenians depart under a truce. Then he sailed at once to
Samos with his troops and himself began the siege of the city, but Gylippus, who with a
flotilla had fought in aid of the Syracusans in Sicily,3
he dispatched to Sparta to take there both the booty and with
it fifteen hundred talents of silver.
The money was in small
bags, each of which contained a skytale4
which carried the notation of the
amount of the money. Gylippus, not knowing of the skytale,
secretly undid the bags
and took out three hundred talents, and when, by means of the notation, Gylippus was detected
by the ephors, he fled the country and was condemned to death.
Similarly it happens that Clearchus5
also, the father of
Gylippus, fled the country at an earlier time, when he was believed to have accepted a bribe
from Pericles not to make the planned raid into Attica, and was condemned to death, spending
his life as an exile in Thurii in Italy. And so these men, who in all other affairs were looked
upon as individuals of ability, by such conduct brought shame upon the rest of their lives.