When the Athenians heard1
of the destruction of their armaments, they abandoned the
policy of control of the sea, but busied themselves with putting the walls in order and with
blocking the harbours, expecting, as well they might, that they would be besieged.
For at once the kings of the Lacedaemonians, Agis and Pausanias, invaded
Attica with a large army and pitched their camp before the walls, and Lysander with more than
two hundred triremes put in at the Peiraeus. Although they were in the grip of such hard
trials, the Athenians nevertheless held out and had no trouble defending their city for some
And the Peloponnesians decided, since the siege was
offering difficulties, to withdraw their armies from Attica and to conduct a blockade at a
distance with their ships, in order that no grain should come to the inhabitants.
When this was done, the Athenians came into dire want of everything, but
especially of food, because this had always come to them by sea. Since the suffering increased
day by day, the city was filled with dead, and the survivors sent ambassadors and concluded
peace with the Lacedaemonians on the terms that they should tear down the two long walls and
those of the Peiraeus, keep no more than ten ships of war, withdraw from all the cities, and
recognize the hegemony of the Lacedaemonians.
And so the
Peloponnesian War, the most protracted of any of which we have knowledge, having run for
twenty-seven years, came to the end we have described.