When Chabrias was archon in Athens
Romans elected in place of consuls three military tribunes, Lucius Sergius, Marcus Papirius,
and Marcus Servilius. This year the Athenians, pursuant to their vote of the war against the
Syracusans, got ready the ships, collected the money, and proceeded with great zeal to make
every preparation for the campaign. They elected three generals, Alcibiades, Nicias, and
Lamachus, and gave them full powers over all matters pertaining to the war.
Of the private citizens those who had the means, wishing to indulge the
enthusiasm of the populace, in some instances fitted out triremes at their own expense and in
others engaged to donate money for the maintenance of the forces; and many, not only from among
the citizens and aliens of Athens who favoured the democracy but also from among the allies,
voluntarily went to the generals and urged that they be enrolled among the soldiers. To such a
degree were they all buoyed up in their hopes and looking forward forthwith to portioning out
And the expedition was already fully prepared when it came to
pass that in a single night the statues of Hermes which stood everywhere throughout the city
the people, believing that the deed had not been done by ordinary persons but by men who stood
in high repute and were bent upon the overthrow of the democracy, were incensed at the
sacrilege and undertook a search for the perpetrators, offering large rewards to anyone who
would furnish information against them.
And a certain private
the Council, stated that he had seen certain men enter the house of an alien about the middle
of the night on the first day of the new moon and that one of them was Alcibiades. When he was
questioned by the Council and asked how he could recognize the faces at night, he replied that
he had seen them by the light of the moon. Since, then, the man had convicted himself of lying,
no credence was given to his story, and of other investigators not a man was able to discover a
single clue to the deed.
hundred and forty triremes were equipped, and of transports and ships to carry horses as well
as ships to convey food and all other equipment there was a huge number; and there were also
hoplites and slingers as well as cavalry, and in addition more than seven thousand men from the
not including the crews.
At this time the generals, sitting in secret session with the Council,
discussed what disposition they should make of Sicilian affairs, if they should get control of
the island. And it was agreed by them that they would enslave the Selinuntians and Syracusans,
but upon the other peoples they would merely lay a tribute severally which they would pay
annually to the Athenians.