Archonides, the leader
of Herbite, after the citizen-body of the Herbitaeans had concluded peace with Dionysius,
determined to found a city. For he had not only many mercenaries but also a mixed throng who
had streamed into the city in connection with the war against Dionysius; and many of the
destitute among the Herbitaeans had promised him to join in the colony.
Consequently, taking the multitude of refugees, he occupied a hill lying
eight stades from the sea, on which he founded the city of Halaesa; and since there were other
cities of Sicily with the same name, he called it Halaesa Archonidion after himself.
When, in later times, the city grew greatly both because of the trade by
sea and because the Romans exempted it from tribute, the Halaesians denied their kinship with
the Herbitaeans, holding it a disgrace to be deemed colonists of an inferior city.
Nevertheless, up to the present time numerous ties of relationships are
to be found among both peoples, and they administer their sacrifices at the Temple of Apollo
with the same routine. But there are those who state that Halaesa was founded by the
Carthaginians at the time when Himilcon concluded his peace with Dionysius.
In Italy a war arose between the Romans
and the people of Veii for the following reasons.1
In this campaign the Romans voted for the first time to give annual pay to
the soldiers for their support. They also reduced by siege the city of the Volsci which was
called at that time Anxor2
but now has the