the Lacedaemonians saw that the greatest cities of Greece were uniting against them, they voted
to summon Agesilaus and his army from Asia. In the meantime they gathered from their own levy
and their allies twenty-three thousand infantry and five hundred cavalry and advanced to meet
The battle took place along the river Nemea,1
lasting until nightfall, and parts of
both armies had the advantage, but of the Lacedaemonians and their allies eleven hundred men
fell, while of the Boeotians and their allies about twenty-eight hundred.
After Agesilaus had conveyed his army
across from Asia to Europe, at first he was opposed by certain Thracians2
with a large force; these he defeated in battle, slaying the larger number
of the barbarians. Then he made his way through Macedonia, passing through the same country as
Xerxes did when he made his campaign against the Greeks.
Agesilaus had traversed Macedonia and Thessaly and made his way through the pass of
Thermopylae, he continued. . . .3
Conon the Athenian and Pharnabazus were in command of the King's
and were tarrying in
Loryma of the Chersonesus5
with more than ninety triremes.
learned that the enemy's naval forces were at Cnidus, they made preparations for battle.
Peisander, the Lacedaemonian admiral, set out from Cnidus with eighty-five triremes and put in
at Physcus of the Chersonesus.
On sailing from there he fell
in with the King's fleet, and engaging the leading ships, he won the advantage over them; but
when the Persians6
came to give aid
with their triremes in close formation, all his allies fled to the land. But Peisander turned
his own ship against them, believing ignoble flight to be disgraceful and unworthy of Sparta.
After fighting brilliantly and slaying many of the enemy, in
the end he was overcome, battling in a manner worthy of his native land. Conon pursued the
Lacedaemonians as far as the land and captured fifty of their triremes. As for the crews, most
of them leaped overboard and escaped by land, but about five hundred were captured. The rest of
the triremes found safety at Cnidus.