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1 382/1 B.C.
2 Only four mentioned by name—a frequent inconsistency.
3 Sparta had been successful in stripping Thebes of much of her strength in Boeotia by dissolving the Boeotian League at the time of the King's Peace. Thebes was beginning to assert her strength again by withholding the help due Sparta in her action against Olynthus (see Xen. Hell. 5.2.27).
4 Diodorus alone speaks of these secret instructions which have no existence in Xenophon's fuller account. In fact Xenophon expressly says (Xen. Hell. 5.2.32) ὅτι οὐ προσταχθέντα ὑπὸ τῆς πόλεως ταῦτα ἐπεπράχει. But then we must remember Xenophon's pro-Spartan bias. Plut. Agesilaus 23-24 virtually admits the complicity of Agesilaus, and Ed. Meyer, Geschichte des Altertums, 5.298, accepts the notion of a secret commission, as does Laistner, The Greek World from 479 to 323 B.C., p. 190.
6 The reaction of the Greek world and the punishment of Phoebidas are recounted in Isoc. 4.126; Xen. Hell. 5.4.1; Plut. Pelopidas 6 and Plut. De Genio Socratis 576a; Nepos Pelopidas 1; and Polybius 4.27.4.
7 This was Amyntas III, king of Macedonia 393-369. Through the opposition of a pretender Argaeus and the Illyrians, Amyntas had been confined to a small portion of his realm. By the aid of the Thessalians he had succeeded in ousting Argaeus. Amyntas now looked for help from Sparta to recover the lost portion of his kingdom. (See Xen. Hell. 5.2.11-19 and chap. 19).
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