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1 This war between the Persians and the Egyptians (cp. Isoc. 4.140 f.; Dem. 20.76; Nepos Chabrias 2.1) belongs to an earlier period (according to Hall, Cambridge Ancient History, 6.145 f., to the years 385-383). Nectanebos became king of Egypt in succession to Acoris by 378 (ibid. 148). Olmstead, A. T., History of the Persian Empire, p. 399, gives 385-383 as dates of the war.
2 This must have been c. 386-384 when Chabrias was in charge of the Athenian army which was recalled from Cyprus (Hall, l.c. 146). Chabrias went shortly afterward to Egypt. Hall l.c. 148), on the other hand, says that he went to Egypt in 377 and was soon recalled. See sect. 4, first note. Hall on the dates for Chabrias is at variance with other historians and Greek evidence. A good discussion of dates is found in Parke, Greek Mercenary Soldiers, 59-62. See recent treatment in Olmstead, op. cit. pp. 397 ff. Complete data in Kirchner, Pros. Att. no. 15086.
3 The recall of Chabrias probably occurred in the winter 380/79, since in the next winter he held the Athenian frontier against Cleombrotus (Xen. Hell. 5.4.14) and in the early summer 378 helped defend Thebes against Agesilaus. He was probably elected general in the spring of 379 (see Beloch, Griechische Geschichte （2）, 3.2.229-230). Chabrias was of good family, lived on a generous scale, kept a racing stable, and was an able condottiere.
4 Iphicrates was probably sent out to Persia (see Nepos Iphicrates 2.4) about the time Chabrias was elected general. Since the Corinthian War Iphicrates had been in Thrace, restored to King Cotys his rule over the Odrysians, and married Cotys' daughter. He returned from Persian service to Athens in 373. He was a self-made man, great organizer and master of light-armed tactics, one of the most able of the condottieri (see chap. 44 and Nepos, Iphicrates).
5 Cp. Book 14.110.4.
6 Other accounts are Xen. Hell. 5.4.20-21 and Plut. Pelopidas 14 and Plut. Agesilaus 24. Diodorus here as in the case of Phoebidas is suspicious of Spartan policy, while Xenophon and Plutarch both speak of Thebes as the instigator of the raid in order to embroil Athens and Sparta. Again Diodorus seems right in suspecting Sparta (cp. "leitende Kreise in Sparta" in Beloch, Griechische Geschichte （2）, 3.1.147 and Judeich, op. cit. 178). The inroad of Sphodrias (in Diodorus Sphodriades) was made (cp. Pearl Harbor) at the very time when three Spartan ambassadors were in Athens to negotiate. Their promises that Sparta would punish Sphodrias did much to assuage the anger of the Athenians at the moment.
7 Diodorus recounts the whole war from the raid of Sphodrias to the battle of Naxos under the year 377/6. The raid of Sphodrias probably took place in the spring of 378 when Cleombrotus was operating in Boeotia after the liberation of Thebes (December 379).
10 Conon's son Timotheus was successful as general and as statesman from this time on till his death in 354.
11 Callistratus of Aphidna, though one of the opponents of the King's Peace (see Book 14.110.2-3), had come to see that Athens had no other choice. One of the most brilliant orators of this period, he was a keen politician and a skilful finance administrator.
13 See chap. 23.4.
14 Thousands of Athenian citizens lost their last hope of recovering the land outside Attica which they or their fathers had lost in the catastrophe of 404. These hopes were still alive in the Corinthian War.
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