Now many of the other cities for the
aforesaid reason were prompted to fall away to Athens; and the first to join in the alliance
and the most eager were the cities of Euboea excepting Hestiaea1
; for Hestiaea, having been treated most
generously by the Lacedaemonians while she had suffered terribly in war with the Athenians, had
very good reason for maintaining unabated her enmity to Athens and for continuing to observe
inviolate her pledge to Sparta.
Nevertheless seventy cities
eventually entered into alliance with the Athenians and participated on equal footing in the
common council. So with the constant increase in the strength of the Athenians and the
diminution of that of the Lacedaemonians the two states were now well matched. The Athenians,
seeing affairs proceeding to their liking, dispatched a force to Euboea to serve at once as a
protection for their allies and to subdue the opposition.
Euboea a short time before this a certain Neogenes with the assistance of Jason of Pherae had
gathered soldiers and occupied the citadel of Hestiaea,2
and so appointed himself tyrant of this country and
of the city of the Oreitans. Because of his violent and arrogant rule the Lacedaemonians had
then dispatched Theripides against him.
Theripides at first
endeavoured to prevail upon the tyrant by reasoning with him to leave the citadel; but when the
tyrant paid no heed to him, he rallied the people of the district to the cause of freedom, took
the place by storm, and restored their freedom to the people of Oreus. For this reason the
people who inhabit what is known as the country of the Hestiaeans continued to be loyal to the
Spartans and preserved intact their friendship.
command of the force dispatched by the Athenians,3
laid waste Hestiaeotis, and, fortifying its Metropolis, as it is called,
which is situated on a naturally steep hill, left a garrison in it, and then sailed to the
Cyclades and won over Peparethos and Sciathos and some other islands which had been subject to