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About the same time, Lycomedes1 of Tegea prevailed upon the Arcadians to form a single confederacy2 with a common council to consist of ten thousand men empowered to decide issues of war and peace. [2] But since civil war broke out in Arcadia on a large scale and the quarrelling factions came to a decision by force of arms, many were killed and more than fourteen hundred fled, some to Sparta, others to Pallantium.3 [3] Now these latter refugees were surrendered by the Pallantians and slaughtered by the victorious party, whereas those who took refuge in Sparta prevailed upon the Lacedaemonians to invade Arcadia.4 [4] Accordingly King Agesilaus with an army and the band of fugitives invaded the territory of the Tegeans, who were believed to have been the cause of the insurrection and the expulsions. By devastation of the countryside and assaults upon the city, he cowed the Arcadians of the opposing party.

1 According to Xen. Hell. 7.1.23, Lycomedes was from Mantineia (also Paus. 8.27.2 and Diodorus himself, chap. 62.2). Lycomedes urged the Arcadians, who at this time entered the services of other states in great numbers as mercenaries, to devote themselves to strengthening their own state.

2 See for the Arcadian League Cary, Cambridge Ancient History, 6.88 f., or better Glotz, Hist. gr. 3.154-156. Also Freeman, History of Federal Government, 154 ff.

3 Arcadian town just west of Tegea, said to have been the home of Evander and origin of the name Palatine (Vergil Aeneid 8.51-54).

4 See Xen. Hell. 6.5.10-18.

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    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 8.27.2
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 6.5.10
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 7.1.23
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 8.51
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