When Polyzelus was
archon at Athens, anarchy prevailed at Rome because of civil dissensions, and in Greece,
Alexander, tyrant of Pherae in Thessaly, having lodged accusations about certain matters
against the city of Scotussa,2
summoned its citizens to an assembly and, having
surrounded them with mercenaries, slew them all, cast the bodies of the dead into the ditch in
front of the walls, and plundered the city from end to end.
Epameinondas, the Theban, entered the Peloponnese with an army, won over the Achaeans3
and some cities besides, and
liberated Dyme, Naupactus, and Calydon, which were held by a garrison of the Achaeans. The
Boeotians invaded Thessaly also and released Pelopidas4
from the custody of Alexander, tyrant of Pherae.
And to the Phliasians upon whom the Argives were waging war,
assistance, having been sent with an army under his command by the Athenians; he defeated the
Argives in two battles, and after securing the position of the Phliasians, returned to Athens.