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When Polyzelus was archon at Athens, anarchy prevailed at Rome because of civil dissensions, and in Greece, Alexander, tyrant of Pherae in Thessaly, having lodged accusations about certain matters against the city of Scotussa,2 summoned its citizens to an assembly and, having surrounded them with mercenaries, slew them all, cast the bodies of the dead into the ditch in front of the walls, and plundered the city from end to end. [2] Epameinondas, the Theban, entered the Peloponnese with an army, won over the Achaeans3 and some cities besides, and liberated Dyme, Naupactus, and Calydon, which were held by a garrison of the Achaeans. The Boeotians invaded Thessaly also and released Pelopidas4 from the custody of Alexander, tyrant of Pherae. [3] And to the Phliasians upon whom the Argives were waging war, Chares5 brought assistance, having been sent with an army under his command by the Athenians; he defeated the Argives in two battles, and after securing the position of the Phliasians, returned to Athens.

1 367/6 B.C.

2 A Thessalian town between Pherae and Pharsalus. For this blood-bath see Plut. Pelopidas 29.4, 31.1 and Paus. 6.5.2 f. (date given as 371/0, perhaps as a result of missing an Olympiad).

3 See Xen. Hell. 7.1.41 f., who places this march after the peace conference (chap. 76.3 below), probably wrongly (Cary, Cambridge Ancient History, 6.94-95).

4 See Plut. Pelopidas 29.2-6. Following this rescue Pelopidas went to Susa as envoy from Thebes.

5 See Xen. Hell. 7.2.18 ff. under year 366.

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  • Cross-references to this page (9):
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (5):
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 6.5.2
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 7.1.41
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 7.2.18
    • Plutarch, Pelopidas, 29.2
    • Plutarch, Pelopidas, 29.4
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