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4 See chaps. 62.4 ff. and notes.
6 See chap. 80 and notes.
8 Clearchus had been a student of Isocrates and Plato. He was exiled from Heracleia a few years previous to 364 and had become a mercenary commander in the service of Persia. Called in by the council of Heracleia to combat the democracy, Clearchus placed himself at the head of the democratic movement, ousted the oligarchs, confiscated their property, freed their slaves, and set up a tyranny along the line of Dionysius of Syracuse. See Justin 16.4-5.
10 The Theban fleet under Epameinondas had been operating during the summer of 364 in the Sea of Marmora and had caused Byzantium to withdraw from the Athenian confederacy (see chap. 79.1). At the arrival of Timotheus in the region, Epameinondas prudently withdrew and Timotheus recovered Byzantium and relieved the siege of Cyzicus. See Nepos Timotheus 1.3 and Glotz, Hist. gr. 3.170.
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