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Such was the end of Philip, who had made himself the greatest of the kings in Europe in his time, and because of the extent of his kingdom had made himself a throned companion of the twelve gods.1 He had ruled twenty-four years. [2] He is known to fame as one who with but the slenderest resources to support his claim to a throne won for himself the greatest empire in the Greek world, while the growth of his position was not due so much to his prowess in arms as to his adroitness and cordiality in diplomacy. [3] Philip himself is said to have been prouder of his grasp of strategy and his diplomatic successes than of his valour in actual battle. [4] Every member of his army shared in the successes which were won in the field but he alone got credit for victories won through negotiation.2 [5]

Now that we have come to the death of Philip, we shall conclude this book here according to our original statement.3 Beginning the next one with Alexander's accession as king we shall try to include all of his career in one book.

1 The implication of this claim on Philip's part was that he was in some fashion the equal of the Twelve and entitled like them to worship; σύνθρονος is an equivalent to σύνναος. What precisely this meant to Philip and his contemporaries is unknown; cp. Habicht, Gottmenschentum, 14, note 3; L. Cerfaux, J. Tondriau, Le Culte des souverains dans la civilisation gréco-romaine (1956), 123-125.

2 Diodorus mentions none of the suspicion which attached to Olympias and Alexander concerning the assassination of Philip, and his judgement on Philip is more favourable than that of others. Cp. Justin 9.7-8, and for the suspicion, Plut. Alexander 9-10; Arrian. 3.6.5.

3 Stated in chap. 1.1-3.

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