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Since the Persian survivors of the battle together with the general Memnon had taken refuge in Miletus, the king set up camp near the city and every day, using his men in relays, made continuous assaults on the walls. [2] At first the besieged easily defended themselves from the walls, for many soldiers were gathered in the city, and they had abundant provision of missiles and other things useful for the emergency. [3] But when the king, in a more determined fashion, brought up siege engines and rocked the walls and pressed the siege very actively both by land and by sea, and the Macedonians forced an entry through the crumbling walls, then at last yielding to superior force, they took to flight. [4] Immediately the Milesians, falling before the king with suppliant olive boughs, put themselves and their city into his hands. Some of the Persians were slain by the Macedonians, others, breaking out of the city, sought refuge in flight, and all the remainder were taken captive. [5] Alexander treated the Milesians kindly but sold all the rest as slaves.1 Since the naval force was now useless and entailed great expense, he dismissed the fleet with the exception of a few ships which he employed for the transport of his siege engines. Among these was the Athenian contingent of twenty ships.2

1 Plut. Alexander 17.1; Arrian. 1.18.3-19.6.

2 Arrian. 1.20.1. Naval operations were resumed six months later under the command of Hegelochus and Amphoterus (Curtius 3.1.19).

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  • Cross-references in notes from this page (4):
    • Plutarch, Alexander, 17.1
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 1.18.3
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 1.20.1
    • Curtius, Historiarum Alexandri Magni, 3.1.19
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