Now the most prudent
of the Macedonians looked on this reversal of fortune with compassion and felt pity for the
case of those who had seen their former lot so violently changed; everything belonging to their
high rank was far removed from them, and they were encompassed by what was foreign and hostile.
(This, however, was not the attitude of most of the soldiery,)1
and the women were herded off into a
luckless and humiliating captivity.
What particularly moved to tears of pity those who saw it was the family of Dareius,
his mother, wife, two daughters of marriageable age, and a son who was a mere boy.2
In their case, the change in fortune and the magnitude of
their loss of position, incredible as it was, was a spectacle that might well inspire
compassion in those who beheld it.
They knew nothing of
Dareius, whether he lived and survived or had perished in the general disaster, but they saw
their tent plundered by armed men who were unaware of the identity of their captives and
committed many improper acts through ignorance. They saw the whole of Asia taken prisoner with
them, and as the wives of the satraps fell at their feet and implored their help, they were not
able to assist any one of of them, but themselves sought the assistance of the others in their
pages now took over the tent of Dareius and prepared Alexander's bath and dinner and, lighting
a great blaze of torches, waited for him, that he might return from the pursuit and, finding
ready for him all the riches of Dareius, take it as an omen for his conquest of the empire of
In the course of the battle
there died on the Persian side more than one hundred thousand infantry and not less than ten
; on the Macedonian side, the casualties were three hundred infantry and one
hundred and fifty cavalry.5
This was the conclusion of the battle
at Issus of Cilicia.