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2 About twenty-seven inches.
3 Curtius 4.9.5 is a little clearer than Diodorus. He adds that a spear projected forward from the end of the chariot pole and that blades below the chariot reached towards the ground. He also mentions swords projecting from both ends of the yoke, as would be possible in a two-horse chariot. But Diodorus's trace horses would seem to make these impossible.
4 The Persian forces numbered 500,000 according to Justin 11.12.5, 1,000,000 according to Plut. Alexander 31.2, 1,000,000 foot and 40,000 horse according to Arrian. 3.8.6. Curtius gives the totals later (Curtius 4.12.13) and more reasonably: 45,000 horse and 200,000 infantry.
5 In Curtius also (Curtius 4.9.6), Dareius started his march from the left bank of the Euphrates at Babylon and crossed over to the left bank of the Tigris at some unspecified point upstream. Arrian suggests (Arrian. 3.8.3-6) that Dareius's army mustered east of the Tigris, perhaps not far from the actual battlefield.
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