previous next

Now that the unrest in Greece had been brought under control, Alexander shifted his field of operations into Thrace.1 Many of the tribes in this region had risen but, terrified by his appearance, felt constrained to make their submission. Then he swung west to Paeonia and Illyria and the territories that bordered on them. Many of the local tribesmen had revolted, but these he overpowered, and established his control over all the natives in the area. [2] This task was not yet finished when messengers reached him reporting that many of the Greeks were in revolt.2 Many cities had actually taken steps to throw off the Macedonian alliance, the most important of these being Thebes. At this intelligence, the king was roused to return in haste to Macedonia in his anxiety to put an end to the unrest in Greece. [3]

The Thebans3 sought first of all to expel the Macedonian garrison from the Cadmeia and laid siege to this citadel; this was the situation when the king appeared suddenly before the city and encamped with his whole army near by. [4] Before the king's arrival, the Thebans had had time to surround the Cadmeia with deep trenches and heavy stockades so that neither reinforcements nor supplies could be sent in, and they had sent an appeal to the Arcadians, Argives, and Eleians for help. [5] They appealed for support from the Athenians also, and when they received from Demosthenes a free gift of weapons, they equipped all of their citizens who lacked heavy armour. [6] Of those who were asked for reinforcements, however, the Peloponnesians sent soldiers as far as the Isthmus and waited to see what would happen, since the king's arrival was now expected, and the Athenians, under the influence of Demosthenes, voted to support the Thebans, but failed to send out their forces, waiting to see how the war would go.4 [7] In the Cadmeia, the garrison commander Philotas observed the Thebans making great preparations for the siege, strengthened his walls as well as he could, and made ready a stock of missiles of all sorts.

1 This campaign is described in detail by Arrian 1.1-6.

2 Justin 11.2.7-10.

3 The siege of Thebes is described more briefly in Justin 11.3.6-7; Plut. Alexander 11-12; Arrian 1.7-8.

4 Justin 11.3.3-5; Plut. Demosthenes 23.2.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

load focus Greek (1989)
hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide References (8 total)
  • Cross-references to this page (3):
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (1):
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (4):
    • Plutarch, Alexander, 11
    • Plutarch, Demosthenes, 23.2
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 1.1
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 1.7
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: