Thinking how best to mark the limits of his campaign at this point, he first erected
altars of the twelve gods each fifty cubits high1
and then traced the circuit of a camp thrice the size of the existing one. Here he
dug a ditch fifty feet wide and forty feet deep, and throwing up the earth on the inside,
constructed out of it a substantial wall.
He directed the
infantry to construct huts each containing two beds five cubits long, and the cavalry, in
addition to this, to build two mangers twice the normal size. In the same way, everything else
which would be left behind was exaggerated in size.2
His idea in this was to make a camp of heroic proportions and to leave to
the natives evidence of men of huge stature, displaying the strength of giants.
After all this had been done, Alexander
marched back with all his army to the Acesines River by the same route by which he had
There he found
the ships built which he had ordered. He fitted these out and built others.
At this juncture there arrived from Greece allied and mercenary troops
under their own commanders, more than thirty thousand infantry and a little less than six
They brought with them elegant suits of armour for twenty-five thousand
foot soldiers, and a hundred talents of medical supplies. These he distributed to the soldiers.
Now the naval flotilla was ready; he had prepared two hundred
open galleys and eight hundred service ships.5
He gave names to the two cities which had been founded on either side of the
river, calling one of them Nicaea in celebration of his victory in war, and the other Bucephala
in honour of his horse, who had died in the battle against Porus.6