#### PROPOSITION 7.

Equal magnitudes have to the same the same ratio, as also has the same to equal magnitudes.

Let A, B be equal magnitudes and C any other, chance, magnitude; I say that each of the magnitudes A, B has the same ratio to C, and C has the same ratio to each of the magnitudes A, B.

For let equimultiples D, E of A, B be taken, and of C another, chance, multiple F.

Then, since D is the same multiple of A that E is of B, while A is equal to B,

therefore D is equal to E.

But F is another, chance, magnitude.

If therefore D is in excess of F, E is also in excess of F, if equal to it, equal; and, if less, less.

And D, E are equimultiples of A, B, while F is another, chance, multiple of C;

therefore, as A is to C, so is B to C. [V. Def. 5]

I say next that C also has the same ratio to each of the magnitudes A, B.

For, with the same construction, we can prove similarly that D is equal to E; and F is some other magnitude.

If therefore F is in excess of D, it is also in excess of E, if equal, equal; and, if less, less.

And F is a multiple of C, while D, E are other, chance, equimultiples of A, B;

therefore, as C is to A, so is C to B. [V. Def. 5]

Therefore etc.

#### PORISM.

From this it is manifest that, if any magnitudes are proportional, they will also be proportional inversely. Q. E. D.