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1 Eumolpus, legendary ancestor of the Eumolpides of Eleusis, was credited with the founding of the Mysteries. The passage of Euripides quoted in Lyc. 1.100 is the earliest extant source for the tradition that he was a Thracian. According to Apollodorus, Eleusis, being at war with Athens, called in Eumolpus, whereupon the Athenian king Erechtheus consulted the god and learned that he must sacrifice one daughter in order to obtain a victory. He therefore offered up his youngest, the others committing suicide in sympathy, and so was enabled to kill Eumolpus in battle （Apollod. 3.15.4）.
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