The Accession of Perseus
The attack upon him being sudden and
B.C. 179. Coss. Q. Fulvius, L. Manlius. The ex-praetors Ti. Sempronius Gracchus and L. Postumius
were still in Spain, where they had been since B. C. 182. Livy, 40, 1, 44.
Renewed war of Eumenes and Ariarathes upon Pharnaces. See bk. 24, chs. 8, 9.
formidable, Pharnaces was reduced to submit
to almost any terms; and on his sending an
embassy, Eumenes and Ariarathes immediately
accepted his proposals, and sent ambassadors
to Pharnaces in return. When this had been
repeated several times, the pacification was
concluded on the following terms: "Eumenes,
Prusias, and Ariarathes, shall maintain perpetual
peace with Pharnaces and Mithridates.
"Pharnaces shall not enter Galatia on any pretence.
"Such treaties as exist between Pharnaces
and Gauls are hereby rescinded.
"Pharnaces shall likewise evacuate Paphlagonia, after restoring the inhabitants whom he had previously expelled, with
their shields, javelins, and other equipment.
"Pharnaces shall restore to Ariarathes all territory of which
he has deprived him, with the property thereon and the hostages.
"He shall restore Tium by the Pontus, which some time
before was given freely and liberally by Eumenes
"Pharnaces shall restore, without ransom, all prisoners of
war and all deserters.
"He shall repay to Morzius and Ariarathes, in lieu of all
money and treasure taken from them, the sum of nine hundred talents, and shall add thereto three hundred talents for
Eumenes towards the expenses of the war.
"Mithridates, the Satrap of Armenia, shall also pay three
hundred talents, because he attacked Ariarathes in defiance of
the treaty with Eumenes.
"The persons included under this treaty are, of the princes
in Asia, Artaxias, lord of the greater part of Armenia, and
Acusilochus: of those in Europe, Gatalus the Sarmatian: of
the autonomous peoples, the Heracleotes, the Mesembrians in
the Chersonese, and the Cyzicenes."
The number and quality of hostages to be given by
Pharnaces was also specified. The armies of the several
parties then marched away, and thus was concluded the war
of Eumenes and Ariarathes against Pharnaces.
Philip V. died at Amphipolis towards the end of B.C. 179.
His last days were embittered by remorse for the death of his son
Demetrius, whose innocence had been demonstrated to him. He
wished to leave his crown to Antigonus, the son of Echecrates and
nephew of Antigonus Doson, in order to punish his elder son
Perseus for his treachery in securing his brother's death. But
Philip died suddenly before this could be secured, and Perseus
succeeded him without opposition. See Livy, 40, 55-57.