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Asia: Factions at Phocaea

Factions became rife at Phocaea,1 partly because they
A party at Phocaea wish to join Antiochus, B. C. 190.
suffered from the Romans left with the ships being quartered on them, and partly because they were annoyed at the tribute imposed on them. . . .

Then the Phocaean magistrates, alarmed at the state of popular excitement caused by the dearth of corn, and the agitation kept up by the partisans of Antiochus, sent envoys to Seleucus,2 who was on their frontiers, ordering him not to approach the town, as they were resolved to remain neutral and await the final decision of the quarrel, and then obey orders. Of these ambassadors the partisans of Seleucus and his faction were Aristarchus, Cassander, and Rhodon; those, on the contrary, who inclined to Rome were Hegias and Gelias. On their arrival Seleucus at once showed every attention to Aristarchus and his partisans, but treated Hegias and Gelias with complete neglect. But when he was informed of the state of popular feeling, and the shortness of provisions in Phocaea, he threw aside all negotiation or discussion with the envoys, and marched towards the town. . . .

Two Galli, with sacred images and figures

The Roman fleet at Sestos. Intercession of the Galli or priests of Cybele. Livy, 37, 9.
on their breasts, advanced from the town, and besought them not to adopt any extreme measures against the city.3 . . .

1 Livy, 37, 9.

2 Son of Antiochus the Great, afterwards King Seleucus IV.

3 This extract, preserved in Suidas, s. v. προστηθιδίων, has been restored by a brilliant emendation of Toupe, who reads ἐξελθόντες μὲν Γάλλοι for the meaningless ἐξελθόντες μεγάλοι. Livy calls them fanatici Galli.

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    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 37, 9
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