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 Then follows the district of Cyrrhestica,1 which extends as far as that of Antioch. On the north near it are Mount Amanus and Commagene. Cyrrhestica extends as far as these places, and touches them. Here is situated a city, Gindarus, the acropolis of Cyrrhestica, and a convenient resort for robbers, and near it a place called Heracleium. It was near these places that Pacorus, the eldest of the sons of the Parthian king, who had invaded Syria, was defeated by Ventidius, and killed. Pagræ,2 in the district of Antioch, is close to Gindarus. It is a strong fortress situated on the pass over the Amanus, which leads from the gates of the Amanus into Syria. Below Pagræ lies the plain of Antioch, through which flow the rivers Arceuthus, Orontes, and Labotas.3 In this plain is also the trench of Meleagrus, and the river Œnoparas,4 on the banks of which Ptolemy Philometor, after having defeated Alexander Balas, died of his wounds.5 Above these places is a hill called Trapezon from its form,6 and upon it Ventidius engaged Phranicates7 the Parthian general. After these places, near the sea, are Seleuceia8 and Pieria, a mountain continuous with the Amanus and Rhosus, situated between Issus and Seleuceia. Seleuceia formerly had the name of Hydatopotami (rivers of water). It is a considerable fortress, and may defy all attacks; wherefore Pompey, having excluded from it Tigranes, declared it a free city. To the south of Antioch is Apameia, situated in the interior, and to the south of Seleuceia, the mountains Casius and Anti-Casius. Still further on from Seleuceia are the mouths of the Orontes, then the Nymphæum, a kind of sacred cave, next Casium, then follows Poseidium9 a small city, and Heracleia.10
1 The territory subject to the town Cyrrhus, now Coro.
3 The modern names of the Arceuthus and Labotas are unknown.
4 The Afreen
5 B. C. 145.
6 A table.
7 Called Phraates by Pseudo-Appian, in Parthicis, p. 72.
9 Posidi, on the southern side of the bay, which receives the Orontes.
10 On Cape Ziaret.
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