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13. Furthermore, he was reconciled with the Athenians, although they showed exceeding sorrow at the misfortunes of Thebes; for although they had begun the festival of the mysteries, they gave it up in consequence of their grief; 1 and upon the Thebans who sought refuge in their city they bestowed every kindness. [2] But notwithstanding this, whether his rage was now sated, as a lion's might be, or whether he wished to offset a deed of the most sullen savagery with one that was merciful, he not only remitted all his charges against the city, but even bade it give good heed to its affairs, since, if anything should happen to him, it would have the rule over Greece. In later times, moreover, as we are told, the calamity of the Thebans often gave him remorse, and made him milder towards many people. [3] And certainly the murder of Cleitus, 2 which he committed in his cups, and the cowardly refusal of his Macedonians to follow him against the Indians, 3 whereby they as it were robbed his expedition and his glory of their consummation, he was wont to attribute to the vengeful wrath of Dionysus. 4 And there was not a Theban of those that survived who afterwards came to him with any request and did not get what he wanted from him. Thus much concerning Thebes. 5

1 According to Arrian (i. 10, 2), it was from panic fright.

2 See chapter li.

3 See chapter lxii.

4 This god was said to have been born of Semele, daughter of Cadmus the founder of Thebes.

5 For a full account of Alexander's capture and destruction of Thebes, see Arrian, Anab. i. 8 f.

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