Falsa sub proditione means not ‘under a false charge of treason,’ as all the editors take it, a sense which the words would hardly bear, nor ‘at the time of a false alarm of treason’ (Henry), which would be an inopportune detail, and barely consistent with the legend, but simply ‘under a false information,’ ‘proditio’ being equivalent to ‘indicium,’ as in Flor. 3. 18, “postquam id nefas proditione discussum est,” just as in Ov. Amor. 2. 8. 25, “index” and “proditor” are synonymous, “index ante acta fatebor, Et veniam culpae proditor ipse meae.” There is no reference whatever to the pretended treason of Palamedes, though that happened to be the subject of the charge. The repetition ‘falsa sub proditione, Insontem, infando indicio’ is sufficiently accounted for by Sinon's apparent horror of the transaction. ‘Sub proditione,’ like “sub crimine,” Juv. 10. 69.
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