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1 Or sheath; the Coleoptera of the naturalists.
2 The flying stag-beetle, the Lucanus cervus of Linnæus.
3 The dung-beetle, the Scarabæus pilularius of Linnæus.
4 Various kinds of crickets.
5 Cuvier says that it is on the two sides of the abdomen that the male carries its light, while the whole posterior part of the female is shining.
6 In the glow-worm of France, the Lampyris noctiluca of Linntæus, the female is without wings, while the male gives but little light. In that of Italy, the Lampyris Italica, both sexes are winged.
7 "Blattæ." See B. xxix. c. 39, where three kinds are specified.
8 This beetle appears to be unknown. Cuvier suggests that the Scara- Bæus nasicornis of Linnæus, which haunts dead bark, or the Scarabæus auratus may be the insect referred to.
9 "Fatal to the beetle."
10 Cuvier remarks that this assertion, borrowed from Aristotle, is incorrect. The wings of many of the Coleoptera are articulated in the middle, and so double, one part on the other, to enter the sheath.
11 Cuvier remarks, that the panorpis has a tail very like that of the scorpion; and that the ephemera, the ichneumons and others, have tails also. Aristotle, in the corresponding place, only says that the insects do not use the tail to direct their flight.
12 These are merely the feelers of the jaws.
13 Not instead of, but in addition to, the tongue, by the aid of which they suck.
14 Evidently meaning the trunk.
15 See B. xxix. c. 39.
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