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Ground, subst. 1) the surface of the earth as bearing, and being beneath, all that exists: “what seest thou in the g.?” Ven. 118. “she gazeth on the g.” Ven. 118 “clapping their proud tails to the g.” Ven. 118 “to wash the foul face of the sluttish g.” Ven. 118 “the wind, imprisoned in the g.” Ven. 118 Ven. 118 Lucr. 1199. Lucr. 1199 Sonn. 130, 12. Pilgr. 177. Tp. II, 1, 54. IV, 173. Gent. III, 1, 114. Ado III, 1, 25. LLL I, 2, 172. Mids. II, 2, 75. IV, 1, 91. IV, 1, 91 As III 2, 256. R2 III, 2, 150. H4B II, 1, 152. H6A I, 1, 118. H6B I, 2, 16. R3 V, 3, 284. Rom. V, 3, 179 etc. “even g.” John II, 576. Lr. IV, 6, 3. “uneven g.” H4A II, 2, 27. “on fair g.” Cor. III, 1, 242. “plainer g.” Mids. III, 2, 404. “slippery g.” Caes. III, 1, 191. “subtle g.” Cor. V, 2, 20. “lay Angiers even with the g.” John II, 399. “the hopes touch g. and dash themselves to pieces,” H4B IV, 1, 17. “the g. is the lowest, and we are half way there,” Per. I, 4, 78. “tumble on the g.” LLL V, 2, 115. “fall upon the g.” Rom. III, 3, 69. “couching head on g.” As IV, 3, 116. “whiles yet the dew's on g.” Cymb. I, 5, 1. “pulled down to the g.” Meas. I, 2, 106. “the weakest kind of fruit drops earliest to the g.” Merch. IV, 1, 116. “dashed them to the g.” John II, 405. H6A III, 2, 17. H6B II, 3, 19. “to pluck a dainty doe to g.” Tit. II, 2, 26. “I'll catch it ere it come to g.” Mcb. III, 5, 25. “from depth of under g.” H6B I, 2, 79. “raising spirits from under g.” II, 1, 174.
2) the land, the earth as distinguished from water: “an acre of barren g.” Tp. I, 1, 70. “like a whale on g.” H4B IV, 4, 40. “Neptune's salt wash and Tellus' orbed g.” Hml. III, 2, 166.
3) the earth as the world in which we live: “the wicked'st caitiff on the g.” Meas. V, 53. “I were the fairest goddess on the g.” LLL V, 2, 36. “no man so potent breathes upon the g.” H4A IV, 1, 11. “while I remain above the g.” Cor. IV, 1, 51 (== in life). “when thou wast here above the g.” Ant. I, 5, 30. “a nobler sir ne'er lived 'twixt sky and g.” Cymb. V, 5, 146.
4) region, territory, country: “when English measure backward their own g.” John V, 5, 3. “any other g. inhabitable,” R2 I, 1, 65. “who on the French g. played a tragedy,” H5 I, 2, 106. “on any plot of g. in Christendom,” H6A II, 4, 89. “by the g. that I am banished from,” H6B III, 2, 334. H6B III, 2, 334 Caes. IV, 3, 204. Hml. I, 1, 15. V, 1, 175 (quibbling). Oth. I, 1, 29. Cymb. I, 2, 20 (quibbling).
5) land or place occupied or possessed: “in a cold valley-fountain of that g.” Sonn. 153, 4. “he should not pass those --s,” Pilgr. 124. “sighs resound through heartless g.” Pilgr. 124 “lead off this g.” Tp. II, 1, 323. “if the g. be overcharged,” Gent. I, 1, 107. “a fair house built on another man's g.” Wiv. II, 2, 225. “having waste g. enough,” Meas. II, 2, 170. “now for the g. which I walked upon,” LLL I, 1, 241. “between her father's g. and mine,” Mids. V, 176. Wint. IV, 4, 16. H6B IV, 10, 36. Caes. IV, 2, 49. Hml. I, 4, 61. I, 5, 156. Cymb. V, 4, 133.
6) space occupied or to be occupied: “I will not rest till I have run some g.” Merch. II, 2, 111. “run as far as God has any g.” Merch. II, 2, 111 “by the g. they hide,” H4B IV, 1, 21. “who hath measured the g.” H5 III, 7, 137. “if they get g. and vantage of the king,” H4B II, 3, 53. “I should get g. of your mistress,” Cymb. I, 4, 114. give g. (== yield, recede) Tp. II, 2, 64. Tw. III, 4, 334. “give no foot of g.” H6C I, 4, 15. “to give me g.” H4A II, 4, 240. Cymb. I, 2, 20. “giving no g. unto the house of York,” H6C II, 6, 16.
7) soil: “as showers are to the g.” Sonn. 75, 2. “should not find a g. to root upon,” H4B III, 1, 91. “the root was fixed in virtue's g.” H6C III, 3, 125.
8) bottom: “when would you have found the g. of beauty's excellence?” LLL IV, 3, 300. “when we know the --s and authors of it,” Tw. V, 361. “where fathomline could never touch the g.” H4A I, 3, 204.
9) foundation: “Gamut I am, the g. of all accord,” Shr. III, 1, 73. “I have found myself in my incertain --s to fail as often as I guessed,” All's III, 1, 15. “I shall lose the --s I work upon,” III, 7, 3. “it is his --s of faith that all that look on him love him,” Tw. II, 3, 164. Quibbling in Err. II, 1, 97 and R3 III, 7, 49.
10) cause, motive, reason, source: “the --s and motives of her woe,” Compl. 63. “then is he the g. of my defeatures,” Err. II, 1, 97. “they are the g., the books, the academes from whence doth spring the true Promethean fire,” LLL IV, 3, 303. “my g. to do it,” Wint. I, 2, 353. R3 I, 3, 69. Tit. II, 1, 48. Tit. II, 1, 48 Rom. V, 3, 180. Hml. II, 2, 632. Preceded by on: “on base and g. enough,” Tw. V, 78. “on some known g. of treachery,” R2 I, 1, 11. Cor. II, 2, 13. Hml. V, 1, 175. Lr. II, 4, 146. Oth. V, 2, 138. Cymb. IV, 2, 143. Per. V, 1, 27.
11) question, matter: I had rather you did lack (credit) “than I upon this g.” Wint. II, 1, 159.
12) the tune on which descants are raised: “on that g. I'll build a holy descant,” R3 III, 7, 49. Quibbling: “should the empress know this discord's g., the music would not please,” Tit. II, 1, 70.
13) the first stratum in painting, the foil: “my sable g. of sin I will not paint,” Lucr. 1074. “like bright metal on a sullen g.” H4A I, 2, 236.
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