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Study, vb. 1) to fix the mind on a subject, to dwell on in thought, to be intent: “the state whereon I --ed,” Meas. II, 4, 7. “to s. where I well may dine,” LLL I, 1, 61. “hath mine uncle Beaufort and myself . . . --ed so long, sat in the council-house,” H6B I, 1, 90. “how to s. for the people's welfare,” H6C IV, 3, 39. With an inf.: “or s. where to meet some mistress fine,” LLL I, 1, 63. “s. to break it,” LLL I, 1, 63 LLL I, 1, 63 LLL I, 1, 63 “then I'll s. how to die,” As IV, 3, 63. “as had she --ed to misuse me so,” Shr. II, 160. “who --es day and night to answer all the debt he owes to you,” H4A I, 3, 184. “who should s. to prefer a peace,” H6A III, 1, 110.
Transitively, == to meditate; to devise; to think on; to be intent on: “s. help for that which thou lamentest,” Gent. III, 1, 242. “I have --ed eight or nine wise words t speak to you,” Ado III, 2, 73. “what --ed torments hast for me?” Wint. III, 2, 176. “as I have watched the night . . . in --ing good for England,” H6B III, 1, 111. “to s. fashions to adorn my body,” R3 I, 2, 258. “I shall s. deserving,” Lr. I, 1, 32. “'tis a --ed, not a present thought,” Ant. II, 2, 140.
2) to apply the mind to books and learning: “to live and s. here three years,” LLL I, 1, 35. LLL I, 1, 35 LLL I, 1, 35 LLL I, 1, 35 LLL I, 1, 35 LLL I, 1, 35 I, 2, 37. I, 2, 37 IV, 3, 292. IV, 3, 292 As III, 2, 339. Shr. I, 1, 17. II, 80.
Trans., == to apply to for the purpose of learning: “he hath --ed her will,” Wiv. I, 3, 54. do you s. them both? (the sword and the word) III, 1, 45. “s. what you most affect,” Shr. I, 1, 40. H4B IV, 4, 68. Per. III, 2, 32.
Hence == to learn by heart: “painted cloth, from whence you have --ed your questions,” As III, 2, 291. “where did you s. all this goodly speech?” Shr. II, 264. “I can say little more than I have --ed,” Tw. I, 5, 190. Tw. I, 5, 190 “s. a speech of some dozen lines,” Hml. II, 2, 566. cf. the subst. in Mids. I, 2, 69.
3) to meditate, to muse, to ponder: “--es my lady? mistress, look on me,” LLL V, 2, 847. “I have been --ing how I may compare this prison unto the world,” R2 V, 5, 1. With of: “you make me s. of that,” Tp. II, 1, 82. With on: “bids thee s. on what fair demands thou meanest to have him grant thee,” Ant. V, 2, 10.
4) to make out by scientific research: “here is three --ed,” LLL I, 2, 54.
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