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VERBS, INFLECTIONS OF:-- Participles. -en dropped

Participles, Formation of. Owing to the tendency to drop the inflection en, the Elizabethan authors frequently used the curtailed forms of past participles which are common in Early English: "I have spoke, forgot, writ, chid," &c.

“Have you chose this man?

Where, however, the form thus curtailed was in danger of being confused with the infinitive, as in "taken," they used the past tense for the participle:

Or sometimes the form in ed:

“O, when degree is shaked.

So Hen. V. ii. 1. 124; Temp. ii. 1. 39; 1 Hen. IV. iii. 1. 17. But shook for shaken is also common.

“The wind -shaked surge.

"Ope" in "The gates are ope," Coriol. i. 4. 43, seems to be the adjective "open" without the -n, and not a verb.

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