106. 00.342 STAMNOS from Athens PLATES LV-LVIHeight 0.382; breadth 0.404, without the handles 0.392. B, VA. p. 143; the side, Jacobsthal O. pl. 99, a; the shape, Caskey G. p. 95. Gigantomachy: A, Dionysos and a Giant; B, a satyr driving a satyr-biga. About 460 B.C., by the Blenheim Painter (ARV. p. 417 no. 4).1 Relief-lines are used for the contours. The hair of the left-hand figure on A is edged with a relief-line. Red for the leaves of Dionysos' branch, and the blood of the Giant's wound near his waist. A. The Giant, wounded, has turned tail and falls on one knee, but rounds and strikes with his sword. Dionysos presses on him, holding out a vine-branch in his left hand and using the butt of his thyrsus with his right. Two maenads back their master up, one ready to hurl a rock on the enemy, the other to beat him with her thyrsus. Dionysos wears a chitoniskos, with a flounce, and a short kolpos which is belted and drawn down over the belt at both sides; on his left arm a small fringed wrap; boots with fur flaps; ivy-wreath. The giant is fully armed, but without greaves: chitoniskos, leather corslet strengthened in front with bronze scales, helmet, shield. The shoulder-pieces are decorated with quatrefoils. The sword is of the kopis type (see ii p. 21), and the hilt, as often in that type, ends in the head of a bird. The left-hand maenad wears a chiton with a kolpos, and on the breast a double thickness, whether caused by girding or by a flounce; over the chiton a nebris. The ends of her long hair are gathered into a small bag; her head is encircled by a broad band of stuff, ornamented in front with the foreparts of four winged horses — a chariot-team — in the round. The other maenad wears an 'Ionic' himation over her chiton. Her hair falls loose and is bound with a pair of writhing serpents. On the subject see Mayer Giganten und Titanen pp. 319-28, and Villard in Rev. arch. 1947 (28) pp. 5-11, publishing a stamnos by the Syleus Painter in the Louvre. A free replica of the group of Dionysos and Giant appears on a calyx-krater by the Blenheim Painter in Leningrad (Leningrad 765: CR. 1867 pl. 6: ARV. p. 416, below, no. 2). Less like, but like, are the groups on his calyx-krater in Bologna (Bologna 286: A, Pellegrini VF. p. 131; Webster Der Niobidenmaler pl. 7: ARV. p. 416, below, no. 3), and on the oinochoe by the Altamura Painter in Ancona (Marconi and Serra pl. 52: ARV. p. 415 no. 52). The maenad on the Bologna krater bears some resemblance to the right-hand figure on the stamnos in Boston. The name of Dionysos' opponent is variously given. In Horace it is Rhoetus; the text of Apollodoros (Apollod. 1.6.2) has Εὔρυτον, which Bentley, perhaps unnecessarily, emended to Ῥοῖτον. On the black-figured kantharos Athens, Acr. 2134 (Graef pl. 94) it is [ΕΥΡΥ]ΜΕΔΟΝ, on the black-figured cup Athens, Acr. 1632 (Graef pl. 84) ΓΟΛ[ΥΒΟΤΕΣ?]. Maenads, as well as satyrs, assist their master in the Gigantomachy, and are shown doing so on seven vases. The others are the following:
- 1. Athens, Vlasto collection, rf. stamnos by the Tyszkiewicz Painter: see ii p. 71.
- 2. Naples Stg. 265, rf. stemless cup, unfinished imitation of the Sotades Painter by a tiro (ARV. p. 454 no. 27). On B, Ares and a Giant. On A, a maenad attacks a Giant: she wears a chitoniskos, a panther-skin, a saccos, and uses a sword. Already cited by Mayer Giganten p. 327.
- 3. Ancona, rf. oinochoe (shape I) by the Altamura Painter (ARV. p. 415 no. 52). Marconi and Serra pl. 52. Dionysos and a Giant; a maenad comes up on the left and attacks with a thyrsus.
- 4. Bologna 286, rf. calyx-krater by the Blenheim Painter (ARV. p. 417 no. 3). See above, ii p. 70. A maenad assists Dionysos, swinging a thyrsus.
- 5. Ferrara, Ferrara T. 313, calyx-krater by the Niobid Painter (ARV. p. 420 no. 22). Aurigemma 1 p. 171 = 2 p. 205. The maenad holds a torch.
- 6. Naples 2883, fragments of a rf. calyx-krater, in the manner of the Pronomos Painter (ARV. p. 850 no. 3). Mon. 9 pl. 6; Hahland pl. 10. The maenad Paidia holds a thyrsus and is ready to throw a stone.
- Munich 1389 (J. 1119), bf. amphora. CV. pl. 24, 3 and pl. 27, 1.
- Athens, Athens, Acr. 885, fragment of a late bf. vase. Graef pl. 54.
- Athens, Vlasto collection, rf. stamnos by the Tyszkiewicz Painter (ARV. p. 186 no. 19). On A, Dionysos, dressed in a long chiton and a skin, attacks to right, with a spear in his right hand and a vine-branch in his left; the giant falls; a small panther bites the giant, and a maenad attacks him with a rock; on B, a satyr drives a satyr-biga to right.
- Orvieto 1044, rf. stamnos by the Painter of the Yale Lekythos (ARV. p. 443, below, no. 1). Mayer Giganten pl. 2; CV. pll. 9-10; phots. Armoni.
- Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale, rf. cup-skyphos probably by the Painter of Bologna 228 (ARV. p. 337, middle). Fröhner Musée Napoléon pl. 5 = Fröhner Musées de France pl. 6; Feytmans Les Vases grecs de la Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique pll. 25-8.
Vian 1951, pp. 82-83, no. 382, pl. 41; EAA, III, pp. 892-893 (F. Vian); B. B. Shefton, AJA 64 (1960), p. 174, note 10; ARV2, pp. 598 (no. 4), 1661; Caskey & Beazley, III, p. 46 (under no. 147); J. Dörig, JdI 80 (1965), p. 182, fig. 31; Philippaki 1967, pp. 73-74, no. 4, pl. 47, 1; Follmann 1968, p. 99, note 316; C. G. Boulter, AJA 72 (1968), p. 186; Para., p. 394, no. 4; Isler & Seiterle 1973, p. 99, note 26 (M. Schmidt); C. C. Vermeule, BurlMag 115 (1973), p. 117, note 14; Wandlungen, p. 214, note 23 (S. Karusu); Brommer 1980, p. 20, no. B 13; Schefold 1981, pp. 96-98 (figs. 126-127), 366; Metzger and Sicre 1984, pp. 198-199, illus.; A. Pekridou, 1986, Das Alketas-Grab in Termessos (IstMitt, Beiheft 32), Tübingen: E. Wasmuth, p. 55, note 132; LIMC, III, 1, p. 476, no. 640, III, 2, pl. 373, illus. (C. Gasparri, A. Veneri); Images 1987, p. 115 (F. Lissarrague); Burn 1987, p. 46, note 7; Schöne 1987, p. 239, note 437; LIMC, IV, 1, p. 234, no. 379 (F. Vian and M. B. Moore); H. R. Goette, JdI 103 (1988), p. 431, note 128, d; M. C. Miller, Hesperia 58 (1989), p. 316, note 13; E. D. Serbeti, Boreas 12 (1989), p. 25, note 47; Beazley Addenda 2, p. 265; Arafat 1990, pp. 26, 185, no. 1.51.