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most of the slanting folds to right of it; part of the chiton above those folds; some of the vertical folds on the left of the himation; part of the skirt near the ankles. But these restorations do not account for the weakness of the figure, already noticed by Tarbell in the prime publication. This is 'sick-work': Douris was not himself.

The outside is better. A dance of maenads and satyrs: in each half, a trio and a pair, but combined into a quintet. The maenads wear chitons with wing-sleeves (see ii p. 40; Boston 01.8028), and five of them have himatia of 'Ionic' mode; the sixth has a leopard-skin instead. On A, the maenads bend forward or back, with one arm raised. One satyr seems to be emulating them, the other cuts his own figure, kicking one leg right back, thrusting out both arms with palms down, and pirouetting. His face is frontal; one ear is down, the other up. The underside of the raised foot is shown full length: Douris likes unusual views of feet, although he is not very good at them. The first satyr wears a fawnskin, and his head is tied in the middle of his bald forehead like Priam's on the skyphos by Makron.1 The other satyr has a full head of hair.

On the other half, the dancing maenads are upright and raise one arm. In the trio on the left, they lunge forward with one foot, and the raised arm has a threatening look, as if about to strike; the satyr makes off, his head turned back. In the pair on the right, the satyr rushes towards the maenad, who turns and raises her arm as if in defence. The attacks, and the resistance, are not serious, only features of the dance. The left-hand satyr holds a thyrsus. He is bald, the other has his hair.

In all six maenads the upper part of the chiton is evenly streaked with vertical relief-lines, for folds and furrows. The skirts have the old system of massed mid-folds falling from the waist, with transverse arcs in the spaces on either side. Four of the women wear a stephane, and in three at least of them the hair is done up in a krobylos. The fifth has a krobylos, but no stephane, only a cord; the sixth, in the middle of B, has shorter hair, with a cord only. The satyrs have simple head-fillets.

Missing, part of the head of the middle maenad on A, part of the beard and left shoulder of the right-hand satyr on B, and some pieces of the palmettes at the handles. The eye on the satyr has suffered: it was originally dot-and-circle like the others, and the present expression is misleading.

Brown for the inner markings on the satyrs' bodies, for hair on their chests, for the inside of the satyr's pelt on A. Red for the hair-cords, and for the inscription on A, ΗΙΠΠΟΛ̣ΑΜΛ̣ΣΚΑΛΟΣ̣. (for ΗΙΠΠΟΔΑΜΑΣΚΑΛΟΣ) The first sigma is four-stroked, but the lowermost stroke, as Miss Palmer tells me, seems to be due to the painter having accidentally trailed the brush to the right.

Richter 1926b, p. 41, fig. 117; E. Vermeule, AJA 70 (1966), p. 10, note 22; Mayer-Prokop 1967, p. 72; Wegner 1968b, pp. 25, 77ff., 123, 141, 153-154, 210, 216; Gauer 1968, p. 62, note 235; Schettino Nobile 1969, p. 62; Para., p. 375, no. 89; Buitron 1972, pp. 101, 103; Wandlungen, pp. 207, 214, note 10 (S. Karusu); Boardman 1975, p. 138, illus. head detail 1; P. M. Fraser, 1977, Rhodian Funerary Monuments, Oxford, New York, Clarendon Press, pp. 101-102, note 91; Houser 1979, p. 103, MFA 8, illus. (M. Anderson); Fischer-Graf 1980, p. 18; Kurtz & Sparkes 1982, p. 51, note 29 (D. von Bothmer); Blech 1982, p. 192, fig. 28j; Beazley Addenda 1, p. 117; G. Nachbaur, ÖJh 54 (1983) (Hauptblatt), p. 33, note 5; LIMC, III, 1, p. 495, no. 861, III, 2, pl. 405, illus. (C. Gasparri and A. Veneri); Korshak 1987, p. 54, no. 94; Schöne 1987, pp. 155, 302, no. 514; Lezzi-Hafter 1988, p. 41, note 46; F. Brommer, 1989, AA, p. 484, no. 7; Beazley Addenda 2, p. 238; L. Kahil, Hesperia 60 (1991), p. 519.


Formerly in the possession of Alessandro Castellani. Hartwig p. 620. I, man and youth; A, (men or youths, youth, boy). About 480-470 B.C., by Douris (Hartwig p. 620 no. 4; VA. p. 99; Att. V. p. 208 no. 116; ARV.1 p. 287 no. 99; ARV.2 p. 437 no. 122).

The fragment belongs to the end of the middle — the Hippodamas — period, on the verge of the Polyphrasmon. At this time Douris slightly modifies his inside border, now grouping the maeander-units in pairs.

Inside, the upper parts of both figures remain. A man, dressed in a himation, which has a dark border, leans on his stick, his lips parted and his left hand grasping his forehead, looking at a youth whose right hand is raised to his hair. The youth, who stands frontal, is probably an athlete, lightly adjusting the wreath on his head. The man shows emotion, and one thinks of Pindar's encomion for Theoxenos: ... ὃς μὴ πόθῳ κυμαίνεται ...

Relief-contours. The hair-reserves are bordered by relief-lines, the forehead-hair with two rows of raised dots, the back-hair with one row. The eye and brow of the man are damaged. Red for his head-fillet, and for the inscription ... ΣΚΑΛΟΣ.

1 See iii p. 34 (Boston 13.186).

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