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in hand, offers to serve him with wine. The god wears a long chiton, a himation, an ivy-wreath; the satyr is also wreathed with ivy, and wears boots with flaps. His long hair is tied near the ends, and stands up stiff over the forehead. Restored, part of his right arm, his right foot, left heel, and the tip of his tail with the neighbouring stretch of the border; also part of the little finger of the god's right hand.

Relief-contours. The beards are edged with relief-lines, and there is much relief detail in the lower parts of the hair. No brown inner markings. Red is used for the stalk of the god's wreath, for the wreath of the satyr, for the leaves of the ivy-branch, and for the inscription ΗΟΠΑΙΣΚΑΛΟΣ.

Makron's style is not yet fully developed in this cup, and the drawing for some reason is rather listless. A very similar figure of Dionysos, with a small satyr beside him, is on a cup by Makron in Brussels, and is a little freer.1 The picture inside a cup in Munich, although the subject is different, resembles ours in style.2

A small particular in the dress is a favourite with Makron and we shall notice it in other vases of his: the tiny bag-like object at the right shoulder. It is part of the same device as the 'neck-piece' of the chiton. A draw-cord was threaded through the neck-piece to tighten the garment at the neck, and the ends of the neck-piece wound up into a little bunch. So also in nos. 140 and 141.

Para., p. 378, no. 309; K. Schauenburg, AM 86 (1971), p. 53; Brommer 1979a, p. 34; J.-J. Maffre, RA 1982, p. 205, note 43; Kurtz & Sparkes 1982, pp. 29, 32, 52 (D. von Bothmer).

140. 13.186 SKYPHOS from Suessula PLATES LXXVI-LXXVII

Height 0.215, width 0.389, of the bowl 0.279. From the Spinelli collection. Gaz. arch. 1880 pll. 7-8 (de Witte), whence AZ. 1882 pp. 3-6 (Kekule) and WV. C pl. 1; FR. pl. 85, whence Perrot 10 pp. 474-5, Pfuhl figs. 435-6, Hoppin ii p. 53, (A) Seltman pl. 28, b, (detail of A) AJA. 1921 p. 333, (A) Haspels Eski yunan boyalı keramiği pl. 43, 2; Herford pl. 8, a; A, Scheurleer pl. 29, 81 ; A, International Studio Feb. 1927 p. 27, 2 (J. S. Green); A, Histoire des religions i p. 274; Fairbanks and Chase p. 65 and p. 74 fig. 80; Chase Guide p. 66; incompletely, Ghali-Kahil Hélène pll. 4 and 48; A, Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica i p. 119; A, Richter, Handbook of Greek Art p. 331; B, Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica iii p. 293. The shape, Hambidge Dynamic Symmetry p. 109 fig. 10 and Caskey G. p.158.

A, Paris leading Helen away; B, Menelaos attacking Helen. About 490-480 B.C., by Makron (VA. pp. 101-2 no. 1; Att. V. p. 211 no. 3; ARV.1 p. 301 no. 1; ARV.2 p. 458 no. 1).

The vase was discovered on the 22nd of March 1879 during Marchese Marcello Spinelli's excavations in the cemetery of Suessula. The cemetery lies about two kilometres west-south-west of the station of Cancello (on the road to Nola), ten minutes' walk from the ruins of Suessula. Ferdinand von Duhn gave an account of the circumstances in Bullettino 1879 pp. 147-53, together with a careful and accurate description of the vase itself. The tomb excavated on that day contained four slight vases which according to Duhn were probably Attic, and which appear from the description to have been

1 Brussels R 247: CV. pl. 11, 2: ARV.1 p. 303 no. 31; ARV.2 p. 462 no. 41.

2 Munich 2655: WV. A pl. 3, whence Hoppin ii p. 65: ARV.1 p. 309 no. 139; ARV.2 p. 471 no. 196.

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