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ACCI (Guadix) Granada, Spain.

Town 59 km NE of Granada, whose modern name comes from the Arabic Wadi-Aci. Pliny refers to it as Colonia Accitana Gemellensis (3.25), adding that it possessed Italic law from the time of its founding. Ptolemy (2.6) calls it Ἄκκιand locates it among the Bastetani. The Antonine Itinerary (402.1; 404.6) calls it Acci. On the inscriptions (CIL II, 3391, 3393-94) it appears as Colonia Iulia Gemella Accis, and on coins as Col(onia) Iul(ia) Gem(ella) Acci; the abbreviations L I II refer to Legions I and II, whose veterans were settled there. The name Gemella comes from these two legions. It was founded to guard the mountainous area in which it was located. Until the reform of Augustus (7-2 B.C.) it was part of Baetica, but was then transferred to Tarraconensis.

Its establishment as a colony has been attributed to Caesar or Octavius because of the name Iulia and the fact that it lacked an epithet referring to Augustus. However, not all the places founded by Augustus bear a name referring to him and, moreover, the name Iulia was employed by Augustus before 27. Most likely it was founded by Lepidus in 42 B.C. in the name of Octavius. It has not been excavated.


F. Vittinghoff, Römische Kolonisation und Bürgerrechtspolitik unter Caesar und Augustus (1952) 107, 149M; A. García y Bellido, “Las Colonias romanas en España,” Anuario de Historia del Derecho Español 29 (1959)M.


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