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AECAE (Troja) Apulia, Italy.

A city of the Daunii 22 km SW of Foggia on the Via Traiana, which runs between Benevento and Brindisi. It was taken by Hannibal after the battle of Cannae and was reconquered two years later in 214 B.C. by Fabius Maximus (Polyb. 3.88; Livy 24.20). In the Imperial age the city was called Colonia Augusta Apula (CIL IX, 950) and was perhaps ascribed to the tribus Papiria (CIL VI, 2381). In Pliny (HN 3.105) the name appears as Aecani (cf. ager Aecanus in Lib. Colon., p. 210), and as Aecas on the itineraries.

The ruins of the ancient city lie under the present town. Stelai, Daunian tombs, and Roman inscriptions have been found in the surrounding necropoleis. Finds from the site are preserved in the municipal building at Troja and in the Museo Civico at Foggia.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

W. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, I (1856) 29 (E. H. Bunbury); RE I.1 (1894) 443 (Hülsen); E. De Ruggiero, Dizionario epigrafico di antichittà romane, I (1895) 135; K. Miller, Itineraria Romana (1916) 373.

F. G. LO PORTO

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