(Troja) Apulia, Italy.
A city of the
Daunii 22 km SW of Foggia on the Via Traiana, which
runs between Benevento and Brindisi. It was taken by
Hannibal after the battle of Cannae and was reconquered
two years later in 214 B.C. by Fabius Maximus (Polyb.
3.88; Livy 24.20
). In the Imperial age the city was called
Colonia Augusta Apula (CIL
IX, 950) and was perhaps
ascribed to the tribus Papiria (CIL
VI, 2381). In Pliny
) the name appears as Aecani (cf. ager Aecanus in Lib. Colon
., p. 210), and as Aecas on the itineraries.
The ruins of the ancient city lie under the present
town. Stelai, Daunian tombs, and Roman inscriptions
have been found in the surrounding necropoleis. Finds
from the site are preserved in the municipal building at
Troja and in the Museo Civico at Foggia.
W. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and
, I (1856) 29 (E. H. Bunbury); RE
I.1 (1894) 443 (Hülsen); E. De Ruggiero, Dizionario
epigrafico di antichittà romane
, I (1895) 135; K. Miller,
F. G. LO PORTO