The ancient site is on the Botoko river near the
modern town of Loutron on the Gulf of Arta. According
to varying traditions cited by Strabo, it was founded
after the Trojan War by Alkmeion or his brother Amphilochos. No Mycenaean remains have been found, but
Hekataios mentions the site at the end of the 6th c. B.C.
The rival of Ambrakia (Arta) in the 5th c., it was allied with Athens at the beginning of the Peloponnesian
War. The circuit wall and tower on the acropolis probably originated in the 6th c.; the two long walls, each
ending in a tower, which run down toward the plain
were probably added about the middle of the 5th. There
are traces of a theater with carved stone seats.
; N.G.L. Hammond, Epirus