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EILEITHYIA later LUCINA (El-Kâb) Egypt.

A city, noted by Strabo (17.1.47), 85 km S of Thebes on the E bank of the Nile. The Egyptian name of the city was Nekheb. It was an important religious center, the capital of the third nome of Upper Egypt and a station for the gold mines. The patron goddess of the province, Nekhbet, was identified by the Greeks with their moon goddess Eileithyia and by the Romans with Lucina. The site was renamed after the two goddesses in turn. Ptolemy VII restored the chapel that had been erected by Amenophis III and added a monumental pylon. The small temple that is hewn in the rock was begun by the same Ptolemy and completed under Ptolemy X and his successor.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

K. Michalowski, L'Art de l'Ancienne Égypte (1968) 541-42MP.

S. SHENOUDA

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