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ELATEIA Phokis, Greece.

The first city of the ancient region, not counting the Delphic sanctuary. Controlling the natural route from the N into the Kephisos valley, Elateia was repeatedly attacked, sacked, burned, occupied; earthquakes destroyed what enemies had spared. The one attempt at excavation of the Classical town revealed few remains; only the Temple of Athena Kranaia, located some 3 km SE of the city, yielded important remains. Numerous inscriptions, including grave stelai from plundered cemeteries, complement the textual evidence concerning Classical Elateia. However, the wellwatered valley attracted primitive men and many mounds attest their early settlements. Those near modern Drachmani, below ancient Elateia, were explored early in this century and one of these mounds was again excavated in 1959. Occupation here began about 6000 B.C. and lasted the three millennia of the Neolithic Period, establishing stratigraphically its three main phases.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Pierre Paris, Élateée. La ville. Le temple d'Athéna Cranaia (1892); id., RE V 2236-37; id., Praktika (1904) 53-56; (1906) 140-42; (1910) 160-61; id., AthMitt 30 (1905) 135-40; 31 (1906) 397-402; id., REG 25 (1912) 263, 270; S. S. Weinberg, “Excavations at Prehistoric Elateia, 1959,” Hesperia 31 (1962) 158-209.

S. S. WEINBERG

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