(Risingham) Northumberland, England.
Roman fort of 1.8 ha, 23 km N of Corstopitum, where Dere Street crosses the river Rede (NY
891862). The name is known only from one inscription
1225). The platform and a little stonework are visible. There is no evidence for occupation before the mid
2d c., and little for the fort built then. The rebuilt fort of
the reign of Severus probably faced S, with a striking
single-portal S gate with projecting towers (RIB
A.D. 205-207). From the reign of Caracalla on, the fort
served as an outpost to Hadrian's Wall, garrisoned by a
milliary cohors equitata, Cohors I Vangionum, with a
unit of scouts and one of spearmen, all attested by RIB
1235 of A.D. 213.
The garrisons of Habitancum and Bremenium together
could field a formidable striking force for minor military
operations, including 500 cavalry, without calling on the
Wall garrison. The headquarters building was rebuilt,
probably in the early 4th c., facing W towards a new gate
inserted in the W wall. Of other internal buildings, only
a bath house in the SE corner is known. The fort was
destroyed in the mid 4th c. (probably either A.D. 343 or
360) and was abandoned after further destruction in 367.
I. A. Richmond, Arch. Ael
. 13 (1936)
184-98; id., “The Romans in Redesdale,” Northumberland County History
XV (1940) passim; E. Birley, Research on Hadrian's Wall
(1961) 235-40; J. K. St. Joseph,
59 (1969) pl.
III. J. C. MANN